Czech Republic Company Formation

SETTING UP IN BUSINESS

Introduction

Czechs have seized every opportunity to demonstrate their free-market credentials since joining the EU in 2004. They have a central position in hearth of Europe, every big market is close and easy to reach. Vast majority of people in cities are English and / or German speaking, vast majority of 40 year and older people can speak Russian. Thanks to EU membership, citizens and companies from EU have easy access to everything as local Czechs, with no or minimal bureaucracy. Today the Czech Republic offers a stable and welcoming home to foreign investors. But to make the most of the opportunities here, you need local knowledge. That's our business: contact us for more information.

What are the main types of company in the Czech Republic?

There are four main kinds of business entity for foreign investors and they are as follows:

  • limited liability company (SRO)
  • joint stock company partnership (AS)
  • partnership
  • branch office

What are the main features of a limited liability (SRO) company?

  • Total share capital to be at least CZK 27 (€1), at least 50% paid up
  • An individual may be sole shareholder in no more than three SROs

What are the accounting/audit requirements for a limited liability (SRO) company?

A statutory audit is mandatory if at least two of the following criteria are met:

  • balance sheet exceeds CZK 40 million (€1.4 million)
  • net turnover exceeds CZK 80 million (€2.8 million)
  • number of employees exceeds 50

What are the main features of an (AS) joint stock company?

  • minimum share capital CZK 2 million (€70,000)
  • if via a public offering, minimum share capital CZK 20 million (€700,000)
  • 30% of share capital to be paid up
  • two-tier system comprising management and supervisory boards (one-tier system also possible)
  • reserve fund from profits to be built up to 20% of registered capital

What are the accounting/audit requirements for an (AS) joint stock company?

A statutory audit is mandatory if at least one of the following criteria is met:

  • balance sheet exceeds CZK 40 million (€1.4 million)
  • net turnover exceeds CZK 80 million (€2.8 million)
  • number of employees exceeds 50

What are the main forms of partnership in the Czech Republic?

There are two main kinds of partnership under Czech corporate law:

  • general partnership (all partners have equal and unlimited liability)
  • limited partnership (at least one partner has limited liability)

What are the main features of a branch office?

  • branches are not separate legal entities, but part of a foreign parent =
  • branch manager may be Czech or foreign national
  • branch requires trade license before it can be registered
  • accounting records to be prepared in Czech language

How easy is it to recruit staff in the Czech Republic?

The unemployment rate in the Czech Republic is the lowest in the EU (2016). Nonetheless it remains a pressing issue and if you are seeking to hire Czech staff, you should have no trouble finding well-educated and motivated applicants. Labor laws are complex, however.

What is the regulatory environment like?

The Czech Republic has made strong progress in its efforts to liberalize the business environment. 85% of the economy is now in private hands, corporate tax was cut to 19% in 2010, and foreign investment, reflecting this trend, has soared. But there's still plenty of red tape around, which is why it is essential to secure expert advice on legal and accounting issues. For more details, please contact us.

Are there financial incentives available?

Czech authorities offer a wide range of financial incentives for foreign investors:

  • new manufacturing investment: ten years' full relief of corporate tax
  • technology and business investment: the state pays up to 50% of costs
  • substantial job-creation and training grants

And what about banking facilities?

Foreign investors are well served by an array of international and local banks now operating in the Czech Republic. It is worth noting, however, that setting up a corporate bank account can be a complex procedure. Make it simple – talk to us and we'll arrange everything.

How can I get more information about a Czech Republic Business?

If you want to open a Czech company as swiftly and efficiently as possible, we're the people who make it happen. Please contact us – and let's get to business!